Noting that inheritance tax is charged at 40% for our UK clients and expats (even if you are living in Hong Kong but have assets in the UK), your estate will be hit with a lofty bill should you fail to take steps to protect your assets. Here are ten ways to help you organise your estate for your loved ones.
- First and foremost think of yourself
Once you’ve made a will, set your future income expectations. Assess your lifestyle and health, and don’t forget to account for inflation.
2. Appraise your assets
Are you on course to meet your income targets? Assess everything, including pensions, properties, ISAs, businesses and dividends.
3. Work out what’s left
If you’re on track to achieve your desired lifetime income, the next stage is to establish whether there’s extra to pass on. The sooner you do this, the better.
4. Work out how much to leave behind
If there’s surplus capital, decide when and how much money to leave. There are a range of inheritance tax planning opportunities but these come with different rules, time constraints and obligations. Your personal situation will determine which will work best for you.
5. Think about giving
You can give money to your family, and if you live seven years from the date of the gift, this will be fully outside your estate for inheritance tax purposes (tax relief may be available if you die within seven years). There’s also an annual gifting exemption of £3,000 per year that can be used alongside other small exemptions – we can help you with this.
6. Consider establishing a trust
If you have concerns about your beneficiaries’ abilities to manage gifts, because they’re too young or you’re concerned about other family members accessing the money, you could consider setting up a trust. Phoenix Waters Wealth Management can help to find the best options available and help you choose professional trustees to act on your behalf.
7. Consider business relief
Giving money away means it’s no longer under your control. An alternative to this is investing in Business Relief shares. To qualify for inheritance tax exemption, Business Relief shares can’t be listed on a stock exchange. Because Business Relief shares tend to be higher risk, with values that can fluctuate significantly and no guarantee of a readily available buyer, you should speak with a professional adviser before investing.
8. Whole of life insurance
Insurance can help to cover the inheritance tax bill. Buying a whole of life insurance policyis no more complicated than taking out a normal life insurance policy, except that you request the pay-out go into a trust so it’s exempt from inheritance tax. The pay-out can then be used to cover the inheritance tax bill on your estate. This means your beneficiaries may not have to sell your home or stump up to cover the tax on gifts you may have given them in the last seven years. It’s important to get professional advice to ensure there are no additional tax implications and that the policy is paid as per your wishes.
9. Protect your pension
Maintaining your pension pot is another way to keep the taxman from taking your family’s inheritance. Unlike ISAs and other savings products, pensions aren’t normally subject to inheritance tax and can be passed to loved ones when you die. Spending down other taxable areas of your estate before calling on the pension makes sense.
10. Diversify your options
Whichever route you choose, remember the rules can change and sticking to one course of action may prove risky. Consider combining a range of inheritance tax planning approaches to cover you. Talking regularly to your professional adviser or us will ensure your family receives a full and lasting legacy.